|The Veda, no doubt,
proclaims the identity of jivatman or the individual soul
and Paramatman or the Supreme Spirit. But how to
rediscover this lost identity? How to purify (Sodhana)
and lift up (uddhara) the soul immersed in sin
and sorrow to its original
level of pure caitanya or consciousness? It is here that the
Agama or the Tantra comes to
our aid and describes the path of realization step by step according to the
It is not possible, nor is it
desirable, in a book of this kind to give all the details of Tantric sadhana. The process
of realization according to this school has to be prescribed for every individual by a
qualified Guru. If the puja of the goddess is intelligently done with the
mantra, yantra, Mudra and upasana under the guidance of a Guru, the mystic power called
Kundalini, which lies coiled at the base of the spinal cord
(susumna), will be roused.
Gradually it will go up and pierce the six cakras or mystic nerve centres in the body.
Each of these cakras is conceived to be in the form of a symbolic lotus.
Finally, there are certain sadhanas prescribed for those who
want to study Vedanta. In the preliminary stage of the discipline the student has to
acquire the four qualifications known as Sadhana-Catustaya, viz.,
- Ability to
discriminate between what is eternal and what is transient
- Renunciation of the fruits
of all actions
- Cultivation of the virtues of serenity, self control, detachment,
forbearance, concentration and faith and
- A deep longing for moksa. After acquiring
these qualifications he has to begin the study under a proper Guru.
The next stage of the
discipline consists of :
- Aravana, learning the sacred texts
- Manana, thinking about
their meaning and
- Nididhyasana, meditating on them.