|As the aim to the
study of Vedanta is not mere acquisition of intellectual knowledge, but self-realization,
this kind of graded sadhana is insisted on. In fact, the aim of all the sadhanas mentioned
in this chapter, whether Theistic, Yogic, Tantric or Vedantic, is the same? It is to
train the whole being of man physical, intellectual, moral and emotional for that
synthetic realization of God which is the essence of all 'religion.
Before we leave the subject of Hindu Theism and its ways and means, it may be pointed out
that of all the Hindu Theistic scriptures the most remarkable and the most popular one is
the famous Bhagavad Gita from which some verses have already been quoted in the foregoing
pages. Firstly, the Bhakti that it teaches is a healthy, well-balanced, spiritual feeling-
balanced on the one side by an original ethical teaching called the Karma Yoga, according
to which every man should discharge his duties faithfully and efficiently as an offering
to God and on the other hand by a transcendent philosophical teaching called Karma Yoga,
according to which one should finally perceive the mystic unity of all things in God.
It has none of the extravagances and aberrations of some of our later
Bhakti Schools, which are characterized more by sentiment than by wisdom. Secondly, the
Bhakti that is taught in the Gita is both
tolerant and progressive. It tolerates even the lowest forms of Bhakti centering round
petty Gods, local deities and ancestral spirits and at the same time points out their
limitations and urges the worshippers to move on to the higher forms of God culminating in
the one Isvara, who is not one among many but the one behind all.