|To take only
one of these components. The contribution of the Santals for the development of the
district both from material and cultural points of view is considerable. There is a theory
that the original habitat of the Santals was in Shilda Pargana in Midnapore
There is still a very heavy
concentration of the Santals in Jhargram subdivision and the neighboring tracts. The stone
implements that have been found in Midnapore district are identified to be at least 10 to
12 thousand years old. There are also other finds of the later copper age.
At Tamajuri village near Jhargram there was a find of a
copper axe flint. The name Tamajuri meaning the place where copper is melted and cast is
very significant. The adjoining district of Singhbhum has had ancient copper
Taluk the headquarters of Taluk subdivision in Midnapore
district is the ancient Tamralipta port from where the merchant boats used to go abroad.
The name Tamralipta is also significant as Tamra in Sanskrit means copper.
2. See Bengali translation of the Santal Book
"Mare Hapram" by Shri Baidyanath Hansda.
3. V. Ball: On the Ancient Copper Miners of
Singhbhum: Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1869, pp. 170-175.