parallel tradition connects Prabhasa with the Pashupata cult as a very important and
ancient branch of Shiva worship. That the temple of Soma natha was the all-India centre of
the Pashupata cult during historical times is indisputable.
Lakulisha, born in the second century of the Christian era at Kayavaroana (modern
Karvan) near Broach on the Narmada, was the last of the great Pashupata teachers. He was
considered an incarnation of Shiva Himself. In the Fourth Temple his image, urdhvaretas,
like that of the Mohenjo-daro Pashupata has been found carved along the southern plinth.
All the heads of the shrine during the Chalukya period were Acharyas of the cult.