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Temples & Legends Of Kerala
Kulapati's Preface Author's Preface
Introduction The Temple Of Sri Padmanabha
A Temple Of Serpents The Goddess Who Has Periods
Aranmula Parthasarathi Ambalapuzha Krishna
Sabarimala The Fierce Lord Of Ettumanur
The Benign Lord Chottanikara
Kaladi A Temple For Kannaki
A Temple For Bharata Sri Rama Temple At Triprayar
The Vadakkunnathan Temple The Lord Of Guruvayur
A Temple For Rama And Lakshmana The Historic Tali Temple
Tiruvangad Peruma Rajarajeswara Of Taliparamba
Trichambaram Krishna Temple Other Temples
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

INTRODUCTION

Cheraman Perumal songs form part of the orthodox Saiva canon in the Thevaram, while his Tirukkailayainanaula in praise of Vadakkunnathan of Trichur or Southern Kailas became the model for a new style of poetic composition in Tamil. Viralminda Nayanar was born at Chengannur. He was a Vellala, and as such a Sudra by caste. He was a contemporary of Cheraman Perumal Nayanar, and a close associate of Sundaramurti Nayafir. 

In his (Id age he left his native place for Chidambaram. He holds the devotees of Siva as being more worthy than Siva himself. He once compelled Sundaramurti who was rushing towards the sanctum to show proper respect to the Sivanatiyar Tirukkuttam, saying that wherever the Atiyar or devotees were assembled there Siva also was present. The work of the Nayanars and Alwars led to the establishment of several Saiva and Vaishnava shrines all over Kerala. 

The Tiruvanchikulam temple associated with Cheraman Perumal and  Sundaramurti,and Trivandrum and other Vaishnava shrines praised by Alwars attracted numerous pilgrims from other parts of India.Kali or Durga, neglected by the Nayanars and the Alwars, began to be worshipped as Sakti in the Tantras, which claimed to lead the votary to salvation by a shortcut. In course of time the tantric mode of worship was adopted by some of the devotees of Siva and Vishnu, who called themselves Virasaivas and Viravaishnavas respectively. 

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