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Temples & Legends Of Bihar
Index Of Bihar Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author
Phulher Ma Paudi
Benusagar Mandar Hill
Sultanganj Konch
Mundesvari Parasnath
Vaisali Nalanda
Patan Devi Aranya Devi
Shahabad Sonepur
Uchaitha Kurkihar
Masarh Maheshi
Jagarnathpur Harmandir
Deoghar Singheshwarsthan
Mahabodhi  
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

BENUSAGAR

The route from Kalinga to Magadha, where Gorathagiri, Rajagriha, and Pataliputra were situated, ran through the Singhbhum district. Singhbhum has been referred to in the Jaina treatise of Achranga-Sutra, along with references to the neighboring areas known as Vajjabhumi. Jainism had spread from Bihar to Kalinga through Singhbhum and it is not surprising as we find relies of Jainism scattered in Manbhum and Singhbhum districts. Emperor Asoka was a great patron of Buddhism but he was not unsympathetic or 'bigoted towards Jainism.

It can be readily said that during his time there was no active interference with Jaina Munis or Jaina temples. Some of the periods of history relating to the area where Benusagar is located are shrouded in the dark. It is, however, well-known that in the Seventh century A.D. of the Christian era, one Sasanka ruled over this territory. A seal of Sasanka has been found engraved on the hill of Rohtasgarh. Two copper plate records of Sasanka's reign, found at Midnapore, establish that this area too was under his control. Ganjam plates of Madhavaraja Il, dated 61920 A.D., mention hini as Maharajadhiraja, that is, the suzerain lord of Ganjam.

From all these data it would be safe to assume that Sasanka had his rule extended from Rohtasgarh to Ganjam in the early half of the Seventh century A. D. and that Singhbhum must have been included within his empire. There is a tradition at Kichang, six miles away from Benusagar in the Keonjhar district of Orissa, that the king named Sasanka built the temples of Benusagar. This Sasanka lost his realm to the combined attack of Harsha and his ally Bhaskaravarman, of Kamarupa.

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Benusagar- Seated Deity, Gupta Period
About Benusagar
Introduction
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