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Temples & Legends Of Bihar
Index Of Bihar Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author
Phulher Ma Paudi
Benusagar Mandar Hill
Sultanganj Konch
Mundesvari Parasnath
Vaisali Nalanda
Patan Devi Aranya Devi
Shahabad Sonepur
Uchaitha Kurkihar
Masarh Maheshi
Jagarnathpur Harmandir
Deoghar Singheshwarsthan
Mahabodhi  
Major Sections
Temples  Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

MUNDESVARI

Martin's Eastern India (Vol. 1, pp. 455-57) gives the plan of the structure before its conservation by the Public Works Department.The location of theMundesvari temple commands an exquisite view of hills and plains. The topography suggests that the area must have been used for fortification purposes in the distant past. Probably, some Hindu Rajas, who had their sway over the -area, had their seat of rule near about. A ditch surrounds the neighboring fort of Chayanpur and there are stone ramparts flanked with bastions.

The fort has a large gate to the north and a smaller one to the south. The temple of Mundesvari is only about five miles from this fort. Chayanpur is apparently a distorted form of Chamundapur. Chanda and Munda, the two legendary demon brothers of Satya Yuga, were the commandants of Sumbha and Nisumbha, the demon kings. Markandeya Purana mentions that the demon kings were slain by Parvati. This is the story that was picked up in a distorted form by Francis Buchanan in the first decade of the 19th century.

The story is still current with modifications. Garohat, the residence of Munda, is located on the banks of the river Katena just on the eastern side of the valley originally known as Mukari Khoh. The area was well chosen for defence purposes and the Mundesvari temple was undoubtedly the place of pilgrimage for the area.The image of Mundesvari is not typical of the familiar image of Mahisha- mardini. This type of Mahishamardini is, rather unusual because generally the deity is represented in the act of killing Mahishasura, the demon in the shape of a buffalo.

Mundesvari Temple - Side View
About Mundesvari
Introduction
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