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Temples & Legends Of Bihar
Index Of Bihar Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author
Phulher Ma Paudi
Benusagar Mandar Hill
Sultanganj Konch
Mundesvari Parasnath
Vaisali Nalanda
Patan Devi Aranya Devi
Shahabad Sonepur
Uchaitha Kurkihar
Masarh Maheshi
Jagarnathpur Harmandir
Deoghar Singheshwarsthan
Mahabodhi  
Major Sections
Temples  & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

NALANDA

One of the important Nalanda stone inscriptions, discovered in 1863, refers to the eleventh year of Mahipala I. This inscription also refers to the destruction of Nalanda by fire and its subsequent restoration. The excavations made in Nalanda show unmistakable signs of such a fire. The end of Nalanda as one of the most important and glorious centres of Buddhistic monasteries and temples can only be explained in the context of the wider issue of the decline of Buddhism from India.

Bihar and Bengal were the last two provinces where the light of Buddhism was kept aflame with the help of royal patronage. Tantricism had already crept in as is amply borne out even by some of the finds in Nalanda. Buddhism was already on the decline when Hiuen Tsang visited the place.   Many of the important centres of early Buddhism were found deserted by him.

The preaching of Kumarilabhatta and Sankara-charya in the Eighth century brought in a revival of Brahmanical Hinduism and a consequent decline of Buddhism, which had already decayed considerably. The Muslim invaders were fanatic against the Buddhist monks and monasteries, and their fanaticism led to the final destruction of in any of them. The Buddhist laity had almost disappeared and royal patronage had dried up.

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 Temples & Legends Of Bihar
About Nalanda
Introduction
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