The wear of the aperture points to the use of this temple for nearly three hundreds years;
the temple which Mahmud destroyed existed for much longer than a hundred
The construction of the Third
Temple then must be placed about A.D. 800 during the time of the conquest of Saurashtra by
Pratihara emperor Nagabhata II of Kanauj.
The temple noticed by Al-Biruni was founded on large blocks
of stone on the sea-shore in such a way that its walls were washed by the waves and the
idol remained under water at appointed hours. It was a large edifice, the roof of which
was carried on 56 well-ornamented columns of teakwood brought from Africa.7
7. Kamilu't Tawarikh of Ibnu'l Athir, Vol. IX, p.
24. Tarikh-i-Firishta, Persian text, p. 33.