|Before entrusting a man with power,
test his loyalty by putting him through trials in respect of his attachment to life,
religion, wealth, and pleasures.
I.e., see whether his loyalty or efficiency
breaks down under the stress of his attachment to these several objects that govern men's
actions. Wuyirachcham is the fear of losing life, and the test is to see whether he
is loyal to the king even when under fear of imminent death.
Birth in a good family, freedom from
defects, moral and intellectual, and sensitiveness to public censure these are the
necessary qualifications for being chosen for high office.
Even those who have successfully acquired
rare learning and are known to be free from defects may betray some incompetence under