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INDIA AND THE CONCEPT OF
nation-state idea could never work for a larger region like India, China or the United
States and has long become regressive in the European context. Europe has had to work hard
to counter the divisions and prejudices this idea of nationhood has created. Europe is
only now uniting gradually and tentatively on economic grounds.
Besides such small nation-states Europe did have empires but these
were basically an imperialistic rule of one nation-state over others, not an integrated
culture encompassing the subcontinent. The great intellectuals of Europe like Voltaire and
Goethe looked to a greater European identity, but their ideas could not win in the
political arena because of the ascendancy of the nation-state idea.