states has succeeded in maintaining unity over a wide region mainly because it was
populated by immigrants from distant lands and did not have to deal with any long
established identities of peoples in its own country. It with massacred or relocated the
indigenous people, the native Americans.
like Germany, is a small country with a single ethnic group, which makes unification much
easier. We see therefore that developing a unified but diverse culture throughout a
subcontinent such as India is attempting, has not really been accomplished anywhere in the
The main problem India has had in recent times is with its
Islamic minority, which brought about the partition of the country in the first place.
However there has not been another country which has a significant Islamic minority that
has not had trouble with it either (for example Israel, Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, or