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AS RACE OR LANGUAGE
The Aryan invasion theory
proposed that the Aryans belonged to a particular racial stock -
generally the blond and blue-eyed nordic caucasians or at least
fair-skinned European types (for which no real evidence in ancient India exists either) - and spoke only
one language, Vedic Sanskrit (though this appears from the
beginning as a priestly language, not a common dialect). The Aryans were said to have looked down
upon those of different racial features or those who spoke
different (presumably non-Indo-European) languages.
The invasion theory thereby projected various cultural biases -
that Vedic culture was racist or that it was based upon some sort of linguistic chauvinism. In short it cast
an aspersion of prejudice and intolerance upon a culture before
there had been any real examination of it.