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AS RACE OR LANGUAGE
The Aryan invasion theory is an
example of European colonialism turned into an historical model. Its
simplicity is compelling but also questionable. Race and language
are not the only factors in the development of civilization.
Religious or economic factors, which cut across racial and linguistic divisions, often overwhelm
them. For example, ancient Mesopotamia had a number of
ethnic groups, people of different language families, a composite of many religions, and yet many
ommon cultural elements can be found through the Sumerian,
Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations of the region.
This monolithic race/language approach to history appears to be
overly simplistic, particularly in the twentieth century wherein the
pluralism of culture (a common Hindu idea) is becoming
recognized. The history of a subcontinent like India is likely to be
much more complex than such facile stereotypes.