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The Myth Of Aryan Invasion Of India

The Post Colonial-World

Basis Of The Aryan Invasion Theory Aryan As Race Or Language
The Development Of The Aryan Invasion Idea

Mechanics Of The Aryan Invasion

Harappan Civilization Migration Rather Than Invasion
The Rediscovery Of The Sarasvati River The Vedic Image Of The Ocean
Horses, Chariots And Iron Destroyers Of Cities
Vedic And Indus Religions

The So-called Racial War in the Vedas

Vedic Peoples The Aryan-Dravidian Divide
Vedic Kings And Empires Vedic Astronomical Lore
Painted Grey Ware Aryans In The Ancient Middle East
Indus Writing Sanskrit
Indian Civilization... The New Model
Ancient History Revised Political And Social Ramifications
Major Sections
Books By David Frawley

Awaken Bharata

From The River Of Heaven How I Became A Hindu
The Myth Of Aryan Invasion Of India

Hinduism : The Eternal Tradition, Sanatana Dharma

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It is the basis of the English word ore and traced to the old Indo-European root "Ais, (a lump of) bronze or copper, later used to designate iron."(*18) There is no reason to insist that in such earlier Vedic times, ayas meant iron, particularly since other metals are not mentioned in the Rig Veda (except gold which is much more commonly referred to than ayas). Moreover, the Atharva and Yajur Vedas speak of different colors of metals along with ayas (such as red and black), with the black being the likely candidate for iron.(*19) Hence it is clear that ayas generally meant metal and not specifically iron, most likely copper as in the Rig Veda it is compared to gold in its luster and can be a synonym for gold. 

Moreover, the inimical peoples in the Rig Veda, not only have horses, they use ayas, even for making their cities, as do the Vedic people themselves.(*20)

18. Eric Partridge, A SHORT ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF MODERN ENGLISH ORIGINS, New York: MacMillan, 1979, pg.  457.

19. For example Shukla Yajur Veda XVIII.13.

20. For example, Rig Veda II.20.8, IV.27.1, VII.95.1


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