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CHARIOTS AND IRON
There is nothing in Vedic literature
to show that either the Vedic culture was an iron-based culture or that
their enemies were not. Both had the same metal whatever it was.
The Vedic battle was between people of the same cultural complex including horses, ayas and
chariots and does not reflect the cultural divide proposed by the
Early Vedic civilization, as evidenced in the Rig Veda, centers
around the use of ayas or copper, barley (yava) as the main grain and
cattle as the main domesticated animal. Pre-Harappan sites in India
show copper, barley and cattle as the basis of the civilization. In
Harappan times rice and wheat were also used, such as are mentioned in later Vedic texts like
Atharva Veda. The general civilization shown in the Vedas
reflects both Harappan and pre-Harappan eras and shows the development between them.