In the British times the nomenclature of many
places got anglicized. Thus Mathura became Muttra, Varanasi was Benaras and Kalikata
became Calcutta. In the same manner Burdwan was substituted for Bardhaman. Bardhaman or
Burdwan historically a very important district from before the British days adjoins the
Santal Paragons and Dhanbad districts in Bihar and Purulia, Bankura, Hooghly, Nadia,
Murshidabad and Birbhum districts in Bengal.
The portion of the Burdwan district border- ing Santal Paragons, Dhanbad, Purulia and Bankura
has a different lateritic: soil forma- tion and the other portion is alluvial. The
district contains some of the important industrial zones of Bengal and the area adjoining
the Damodar River is fast becoming fully industrialized. This belt also containscoal and
other valuable minerals.
Author - P. C. Roy Choudhury