has been truly said that there is no part of India which is more interesting in some
respects to the student of Hinduism than the Assam Valley. The fundamental streams
of the brahmanical religion had penetrated into Assam at an early period. Saivism,
Saktism, and Vaisnavism held sway in various forms. These cults under- went certain
modifications in Assam. It is true especially of Saktism.
In India sculpture, fine arts and literature
are closely connected with religion. It is the religion which fostered the growth of
temples and images.In Assam alsotemple building and the arts of architecture and sculpture
grew hand in hand with the spread of religion. The erection of temples in Assam goes back
to an early century.
At any rate, the existence of numerous shrines
dedicated to Siva, Surya Vishnu and Devi and other deities is fully. Attested to both by
inscriptions and contemporary literature. But today not one of these early edifices exist,
and the only memorials of ancienttimes consist of jungle cladmounds scattered in such
places as Gauhati, Tezpur, Nowgong, Sibsagar, Sadiya and a few big temples belonging to a
compara- tively late period.
Author - B.K.Barua &