It may be
mentioned that very few cities in India have had a more checkered career, which is borne
out by ample references and concrete relies right from the prehistoric period. It is
interesting to trace the name of the place Patna, which is supposed to have been derived
from two temples that exist in Patna. The temples are known as Bari Patan Devi and Choti
The name Patna is popularly believed to be derived from these two Patan Devi
Temples. The Bari Patan Devi temple is located at Maharajganj, about six miles east from
Patna Junction railway station of the Eastern Railway. Gulzarbagh railway station is at a
distance of half a mile. The Choti Patan Devi temple is located at Patna City Chowk, about
two miles from Patna City railway station of the Eastern Railway. Rickshaws, horse-drawn
ekkas, taxis, -etc. are available at Patna, Gulzarbagh and Patna City railway stations.
The following are the legends regarding the temples: -
Once Prajapati Daksha celebrated Brihaspati Yajna and had invited every god to his
Yajna but left out Shiva, his own son-in-law. Sati, the wife of Lord Shiva, on learning
that her husband had not been invited to her father's Yajna, went to her father's home.
When Sati found no seat allotted to her husband there, she felt mortified and put an end
to her life.