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Temples & Legends of Himachal Pradesh
Index Of Himachal Pradesh Author
Introduction Background
Kulu - Manali Shyama Kali Temple
Manali Mandi
The Ardhanari Temple, Mandi Buddha Temple
Bijli Mahadev Idol Worship
Hidimba Banasur
Basishta Chamba
Kangra Area Manikaran
Bajreshwari Devi Chintpurni Devi Temple
Baijnath Temple Baglamukhi Deity And Her Temple
Chamunda Nandikeshwar Bilasur
Kinnaur Lahul   And Spiti
Wall Paintings Sirmur
Nath Temple  
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

THE BACKGROUND OF THE TEMPLES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

There can be no doubt that the shikhara in the shape of a finial (kalasha) or an amalaka (a circular ribbed stone disk) was the most attractive features from a distance. But the hill temples could not possibly have a massive shikhara that we find in Orissa or in the South. Earthquakes and landslides are not uncommon. Jagatsukh temple near Manali and the rock-cut temple complex of Masrur in Kangra are, probably, the earliest of such temples and belong lo the early 8th century.

The Visheshwar or Basheshwar Mahadev temple at Bajaura in the Kulu valley was built probably a century or two later and is a good example of the shikhara temple. The Mani Mahes temple at Bharmaur in Chamba district is another example. Raja Shahil Varman (920---40 A.D.) built this.

The other examples are the temple of Baijnath (13th century) and a number of later temples of this type in Mandi in the 16th century and later. In Kulu we find pyramidal carved temples and examples are those at Mangalor, Bajaura, Manikaran, Jagatsukh and Nagar. The Baijnath temple in Kangra resembles the Orissa temple. It is not unlikely that some of the Orissan architects might have been brought to construct this temple.

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Bhim kali Temple - Simla
About The Background Of The Temples
Introduction
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