females were joined to low men. Respectable men were compelled to shave off their beards,
and were enrolled among the Shekavat and the Wadhel tribes of Rajputs; whilst the lower
kinds were allotted to the castes of Kolis, Khantas, Babrias and Mers."7
The Devala Smriti was in active practice.
Muslim chroniclers corroborate the fact that fever and
thirst paralysed the bulk of the army. It was trapped into waterless regions. A large part
of the army and most of the beasts of burden perished on the way. At last Mansura in Sindh
7 Tarikh-i-Sorath, p. 112.