troops suffered great privations enroute, in some places, on account of scarcity of water,
and in others, for want of fodder, but at last, after suffering great distress and
hardship, he reached Ghazni in the year 417 A.H. (A.D. 1026)."5
This explains why Mahmud did not meet with any opposition while
entering Kathiawar. The confederate forces of 'Paramadeva' had trapped Mahmud in
Kathiawar; and he had no chance of an escape except by a precipitate retreat through
Kachchha to Sindh. Paramadeva, the King of the Hindus, was in the way. With the army
of this king in hot pursuit of him, he started retreating as fast as he could, plundering
Kanthkot on the way.6
5 TA. 15-16.
6 DHNI, II. 961.