|Such absurdities are unnecessary when we accept that the Vedic
people were present in India from an early period and represent the
civilization of the subcontinent going back to the pre-Harappan
Another recent view, which is also on the radical fringe that other
invasion proponents may not accept either, that of Asko
Parpola,(*9) claims that the struggles mentioned in the Vedas
were not in India at all, but in Afghanistan between two different
groups of Indo-Iranian peoples. Even if we accept this view, which
contradicts all the others, it totally fails to explain how the Vedic
culture ever came to India, which is left a total blank. If the Vedas show
the conquest of an early Indo-Iranian culture in Afghanistan, what shows the conquest of India?
Certainly the Puranas do not.
9. Asko Parpola, THE SKY-GARMENT, A study of the Harappan Religion and its Relation
to the Mesopotamian and later Indian Religions. Helsinki, Finland: Studia Orientalia 57, 1985.