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ARYAN INVASION THEORY
Though this "Dravidian invasion"
has not been brought into the same prominence as the Aryan invasion theory it shows
the same bias that for civilization we must look to Western peoples and cultures and
not to India as any separate center of civilization. The Aryan invasion
theory is not a mere academic matter, of concern only to historians.
In the colonial era the British used it
to divide India along north-south, Aryan-Dravidian lines, an interpretation various south Indian
politicians have taken up as the cornerstone for their political projection of
Dravidian identity. The Aryan invasion theory is the basis of the Marxist critique of Indian history
where caste struggle takes the place of class struggle with the so-called pre-Aryan
indigenous peoples turned into the oppressed masses and the invading Aryans
turned into the oppressors, the corrupt ruling elite.
Christian and Islamic missionaries have used the
theory to denigrate the Hindu religion as a product of barbaric invaders and promote their
efforts to convert Hindus. Every sort of foreign ideology has employed it to
try to deny India any real indigenous civilization so that the idea of the rule of foreign
governments or ideas becomes acceptable.