Is Moksha the only goal of life? Has Hinduism relegated other goals
concerned with life in this world?
No; this is in fact one of the misconceptions about Hindu values of
life. The Hindu scriptures prescribe Dharma (righteousness),
Artha (wealth), Kama (physical pleasures) and moksa (liberation) as
the four goals to be striven for in life, by. every person. These
have been termed Purusharthas. In the first stage of life (childhood
and early youth) one should acquire Dharma as also knowledge of
secular sciences through education and discipline under competent
teachers who teach the essence of the scriptures.
After being well established in Dharma,
one can take to the married state. In the second stage (youth),
wherein one is permitted to enjoy Artha and Kama within the limits
prescribed by Dharma, variegated experiences in life will gradually
induce vairagya or a spirit of renunciation in the mind . Then in
the final stage (middle age and old age) one should strive for
From this delineation of the Hindu values
of life, one thing becomes very clear: Hinduism has not at all
neglected life in this world, life here and now. It has gone farther
than this by giving us Ayurveda (the science of health and
longevity) since the maintenance of our bodies is of primary
importance in attaining these goals of life.