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Temples & Legends Of Assam
Index Of Assam Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author's Introduction
Introduction Kamakhya
Asvakranta Vasisthasrama
Umananda Ugra Tara
Sukresvara  The Navagraha
Hajo Dah Parbatiya
Sib Sagar Tamresvari
Sri Surya Ruins The Hatimura Temple
The Satras-I The Satras-II
The Satras-III The Barpeta Satra
Majuli Satra Glossary
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

INTRODUCTION

The Kalika Purana, a work of the 10th century A. D., says, "Formerly Brahma staying here created the stars; so the city is called Pragjyotisapura, a city equal to the city of Indra".' The historians of Assam have followed this etymologicalexplanation given by the Kalika Purana. Gait writes, "Prag means former or eastern and jyotisa a star, astrology, shining. Pragjyotisa may be taken to mean the city of Eastern Astrology.

The name is interesting in connection with the reputation which the country has always held as a land of magic and incantation and with the view that it was in Assam that the Tantrik form of Hinduism originated.'’ K. L. Barua accepts the etymology but reads it in a different connotation. "It is significant that to the immediate east of the town of Gauhati there is a temple on the crest of a hill known as Citracala, and this temple is dedicated to the Navagrahas or the Pine planets, It is probable that this temple is the origin of the name Pragjyotisapura.'’ Pragjyotisa according to B. Kakati seems to be connected with topographical features of the land rather than with any religious cult.

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