have so far been located at Dhauli near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa, Jayagada in the Ganjam
district of Orissa, Girnar near Junagadh, Kathiawar, Kali in Dehra-Dun, Manshira in Hazara
district (West Pakistan), Shahabazgarhi in Peshwar district (West Pakistan), Sopara in
Thana district of Bombay, Yerragadi in Kurnool district of Andhra, Pradesh, Bairat in
Jaunpur, Brahmangiri in Mysore, Gavi Math, Maski, Palkigunda (in Hyderabad), Rupnath in
Jabalpur, Siddapura in Mysore, Kosambi in Allahabad district (later removed to the fort by
the order of Akbar), Lumbini, Nigliwa, Mirnath at Meerut (later removed to the ridge of
Delhi by Feroz Shali Tuglak) and Topra pillar (removed from Ambala and re-erected at Kolla
Firuz Shahi, in Delhi).
Besides these, we have evidence of the pillar set up by Asoka
that had stood to the south of the principal stupas at Sanchi and also at Sarnath. In
Bihar we have Asoka's pillars inculcating the greatness of Buddhism at Sasaram (Shahabad
district), Vaisali (Muzaffarpur district), Lauriya and Are raj Rampurwa (Champaran
A few words on the political history of Bihar at the time of Buddha and the later few
centuries will he helpful. Indian history from the 6th century B.C. onwards is based
relatively more on historicity than legends and traditions.