crowned his campaigns. Within three years of his capturing Ghazni, he subjugated Central
Asia, Iran, Sistan and the adjoining regions.
year A.D. 1000, he turned his attention to India and gave it a foretaste of total war
which she did not know before. In Central Asia unlike in India wars were fought for
destruction and not for mere acknowledgment of the conqueror's suzerainty-digvijaya. There
were no laws, no morals to circumscribe the barbarities of war; and Northern India,
wrapped in the security which the Imperial Gurjars had provided, saw with startled awe,
torrents of barbarians sweeping every thing before them, intent on murder, rape and loot.