the battle was lost, and Jayapala had to give up the dominions west of the Indus. Eleven
years later, in A.D.. 1001, Mahmud again invaded Jayapala's dominions, defeated him, and
extracted tribute. Jayapala had the proud soul of a hero. There were no chains which he
did not know how to break. He gave up his crown, gave the legacy of resistance to his son,
and courted the flames of the funeral pyre.
son Anandapala did not pay tribute and Mahmud marched against him in A.D. 1004. Heroic
Jayapala's equally heroic son first parleyed, and then refused submission. In the words of
Utbi, "he placed the hand of repulse upon the face of the Sultan's request and took
the road to stubbornness and obstinacy."3
3 IA. Il. 13, 14.