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Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

THE MANU-SAMHITA

Now, of these passages, 8 the one giving legal recognition to six kinds of marriages agrees only with Vasishtha, and the next, 9 which ordains the first four kinds of marriages as proper for a Brahmana and Rakshasa proper for a Kshatriya and Asura for a Vaisya and Sudra, agrees with the systems of Gautama and Baudhayana, and the next verses declaring the first three kinds Prajapatya, Asura and Gandharva lawful and the two, Paisacha an Rakshasa as sinful and unlawful and the one declaring that pure Gandharva, pure Rakshasa or a combination of both of them is lawful for Kshatriya,10 agree with the institutes of Vishnu.

Vishnu‘s treatise, as has been agreed by scholars, is a later composition than that of Manu. But the way in which Manu introduces the first dictum 11 shows that he agreed with the opinion of Vasishtha and recognized as legal the six kinds of marriages. Vasishtha was the earliest lawgiver of the Rig-Vedic school.

Manu followed him in this respect as in many others. If this represents the opinion of Manu, then the last two verses, restricting their scope and declaring them as unlawful, are later developments, and it can be asserted on logical grounds that they are interpolations of later writers, who handled the script, and included them in Manu, so as to give an authoritative position to these laws. 12

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Women In The Sacred Laws
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