Now, coming to the position and treatment of a daughter at home, Manu
ordains a kind and affectionate treatment to her. He says that any man should regard
ones slaves as, ones shadow, ones daughter as the high cast object of
tenderness hence, if one is offended by any one of these, one must bear it without
Speaking of the legal position of a daughter, he says: 'A son is even
as oneself, such a daughter is equal to a son; how can another heir take the estate, which
such an appointed daughter who is even oneself, lives? 30 But he disqualifies such
an only daughter (Putrika) for marriage: 'But a prudent man should not marry a maiden who
has no brother, nor one whose father is not known, through fear lest in the former case,
she be made an appointed daughter and in the latter lest he Should commit sin.
So Manu accords level recognition to a Putrika as the direct heir to
the property of her father; and by disqualifying her for marriage, be admits indirectly
that such a girl belongs to the family of her father and hence should not be chosen as a
Manu thus adheres to the old Vedic custom of giving the place of a son
to an only daughter. But soon we find him altering his opinion in the course of the next
few verses and excluding a Purika from the legal recognition of inheritance and giving her
place to her son.
He, thus says, "He who has no son may make his daughter in the
following manner an appointed daughter, i.e., Putrika, saying to her husband The
child born of her womb shall perform my funeral rites.' " 32 He speaks again in
support of the above, 33 at the end of the discourse and adds: virtually there is no
difference between a sons son and a daughters son, as both their respective
father and mother have originated from the body of one and the same man.