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Temples & Legends of Assam
Index Of Assam Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author's Introduction
Introduction Kamakhya
Asvakranta Vasisthasrama
Umananda Ugra Tara
Sukresvara  The Navagraha
Hajo Dah Parbatiya
Sib Sagar Tamresvari
Sri Surya Ruins The Hatimura Temple
The Satras-I The Satras-II
The Satras-III The Barpeta Satra
Majuli Satra Glossary
Major Sections
Temples  & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

TEMPLES IN KAMRUP DISTRICT

Among other temples on the Nilachala mention may be made of Ghantakarna Tara, Bhairavi, Bhuvaneswari, etc. The temple of Ghantakarna is situated to the west side of the Kamakhya temple into the, basement of which stone fragments of older temples have been built. One of these fragments, as described by K. N. Dikshit, "is a beautifully carved frieze in which the band represents a series of garlands and the lower scroll-work in which some very spirited representations of animals occur. Only four animal figures of these series, viz., a buffalo, a deer, a lion and a tiger are extant, but the quality of the art manifested in them is unsurpassed in Assam". 21

The celebrated shrine of Kamakhya wears a colourful look during annual fairs and festivals. Of the most important are the Durga Puja, the Ambuvaci fair and Debaddhani festival.  The Durga Puja, celebrated during September October, is an autumnal festival of great importance. It goes on for three days ‘ and during this period many people visit the Kamakhya temple.

The Ambuvaci (Ameti as is known in some parts of Assam), a menstruation ritual, is celebrated once a year in the first part of the month of Asadha. Mother Earth (goddess Kamakhya) becomes ‘impure’ due to menses. It lasts for three days and during this period the temple doors are closed and pilgrims are not allowed inside the temple. How ever, on the fourth day the doors of the shrine are opened and pilgrims, gathered for the opportune occasion from different parts of Assam including West Bengal and Orissa, are allowed inside the temple.


21. A.R.A.S.I., 1923-24, pp. 80-81.

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stone stair-case leading to the Kamakhya Temple

About Kamakhya

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