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Temples & Legends of Assam
Index Of Assam Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author's Introduction
Introduction Kamakhya
Asvakranta Vasisthasrama
Umananda Ugra Tara
Sukresvara  The Navagraha
Hajo Dah Parbatiya
Sib Sagar Tamresvari
Sri Surya Ruins The Hatimura Temple
The Satras-I The Satras-II
The Satras-III The Barpeta Satra
Majuli Satra Glossary
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

TEMPLES IN KAMRUP DISTRICT

Manasa seems to be originally a local deity worshipped by the non-Hinduised people of the province, but by and by she came to gain popularity among the upper classes of the Hindu society. In the present state of our knowledge we cannot say when actually the cult of Manasa was introduced into Assam. According to a popular legend, which gives us an account of the spread of the Manasa cult in Eastern India, on the marriage of Hara and Gauri, they got a daughter named Padma or Manasa. Immediately after her birth, Padma was sent to the lower region to rule over and obtain worship from the serpents.

The goddess Manasa was not content with her sovereignty of the lower world. She resolved also to claim honour and worship from all sections of the people of the earth. But her greatest opponent was Chand Sadagar, the wealthiest member of The merchant community of the city of Champaka commonly identified with a place on the south bank of the Brahma putra in the modern Kamrup district of Assam. Chand Sadagar was a devout follower of Siva and he would in no circumstances worship Manasa. His wife, Soneka, one day made secret arrange- ments for worshipping Manasa.

But when Chand Sadagar came to know of it he flew into a rage and kicked off all articles of offerings collected for her worship. At this treatment the goddess Manasa was furious and she determined to take revenge on Chand Sadagar and his family. In course of a few days she caused the death of Chand Sadagar’s six sons, sank the boats of Chand Sadagar, which carried rich merchandise from abroad, and made him fall into abject poverty and destitution. In spite of these misfortunes, Chand Sadagar chose to suffer rather than worship Manasa. Not to speak of the members of his family, even people of Campakanagara dreaded Chand Sadagar and did not dare to propitiate the goddess Manasa.

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General View Of Kamakhya, Asvakranta and umananda Temples

About Kamakhya

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