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Temples & Legends of Assam
Index Of Assam Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author's Introduction
Introduction Kamakhya
Asvakranta Vasisthasrama
Umananda Ugra Tara
Sukresvara  The Navagraha
Hajo Dah Parbatiya
Sib Sagar Tamresvari
Sri Surya Ruins The Hatimura Temple
The Satras-I The Satras-II
The Satras-III The Barpeta Satra
Majuli Satra Glossary
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

TEMPLES IN KAMRUP DISTRICT

Manasa is generally identified with the sister of the serpent king Vasuki who was married to the hermit Jarut Karu and became the mother of Astika, and according to the Mahabharata was to save the Nagas from being exterminated by the snake- goddess. This however, seems to occupy a somewhat indefinite position in the Brahmanical pantheon. Although serpent worship was associated with Brahmanic religion from a remote time, the name of the goddess Manasa does not seem to appear in the early literature. It therefore leads one to the belief that Manasa is not a goddess with a Vedic and Puranic past, but assimilation from outside. Professor Kshitimohan Sen suggests that Manasa obtained her semi - Sanskritised name from the South-Indian snake goddess Mancamma. On this ground, Bhattasali concludes that the cult of Manasa was imported to Eastern India from the south. He, however, seems to forget the fact that snake - worship is more widely distributed and developed in more interesting forms, among the various tribes of Assam. Among the Khasis of Assam the most remarkable form of serpent-worship is that of U Thlen, a gigantic snake which demands to be appeased by the sacrifice of human victims, and for whose sake murders have been committed; even in recent times."23 In Manipur, which preserves the Mahabharata tradition of being the seat of the Naga king Citravahana, whose daughter Citrangada was married to Arjuna, even at the present day, the ancestral god of the royal family is a snake called Pakhangba. The Rabhas worship a serpent God which once dwelt in a cave and was propitiated by the annual sacrifice of a boy and a girl.24

23. Gurdon: The Khasis, pp. 98 ff., 175 ff., Census of India 1901, Assam, Pt. 1, p. 49.

24. Census of India, 1911, Assam, Pt. I, p. 145.

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Kamakhya Hill- Bhuvaneswari Temple

About Kamakhya

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