Cherinjib (Chiranjib) Bhattacharya of Guptapara composed in Sanskrit the Vidyanmodu (a)
Tarangini: it treats of Hindu philosophy, and is in high repute among the natives. Raja
Kalikissen of Calcutta 6 translated it into English in 1832. The village used to be
surrounded by woods, which were infested by monkeys, e.g., Stavorinus mentions having seen
a great number of monkeys in a wood near the village.It is said that Raja Krishna Chandra
Rai procured monkeys from this place and had a ceremony of marriage performed for them
atKrishnagar, inviting many pandits to the ceremony, the expenses of which amounted to
about half a lakh.
The chief object of interest is a group of temples at the eastern end of the village.
Ranged round a quadrangle, andenclosed within a rather high wall, are four shrines known
as the temples of Chaitanyadev, Brindabanchandra, Ramchandra and Krishnachandra, all in
the Bengal style of architecture. The oldest is that of Chaitanyadev, which faces east and
has a door on the west; there were three cusped arches on the east, but they have been
walled up, leaving a small door. Its roof is of the Jor-Bangala type, with two iron rods
to represent spires. It contains the images of Chaitanya and Nityanand, the two great
Vaishnava preachers of Bengal.
According to a note
in the records of a local Pandit, Biseswar Rai built the temple in the reign of Akbar, and
therefore apparently in the beginning of the 17th century; this claim to antiquity is
supported by its thin bricks and archaic appearance.
The shrine of Brindabanchandra is the biggest of the temples; indeed, the whole group is
often called Brindabanchandra's math. Its roof is curved like that of a Bengali thatched
hut and is crapped by a duplicate thereof. The entrance door and the inside of the sanctum
are painted with figures of Krishna, Radha and Gopis, of
trees, foliage, etc. In the sanctum are wooden images of Krishna, Radha, Garud, Jagannath
and Balaram. The finest of the group, however, is the temple of Ramchandra. It is made of
red-colored bricks, and has a curved roof; over the roof is a tower-like structure,
to which access is had by a staircase.
6 Calcutta Review, vol. IV, p.415.