Triveni is usually called Muktaveni (open braided) to
distinguish it from Prayag (Allahabad) which is called Yuktaveni (joint-braided). From
here three streams branch out, the Bhagirathi flowing to the south, the Saraswati to the
west and Jamuna or Kanchrapara khal to the east. The sanctity of the place has been
recognized for many centuries and has been mentioned in Pavana-Dutam, a Sanskrit piece of
the last quarter of the 12th century. Triveni appears to have passed into the hands
of the Oriya king, Mukunda Hari Chandan in the middle of the 16th century and the broad
flight of steps on the river and Jamai Jangal, a high embankment stretching from Triveni
Mahanad are attributed to the Oriyas.
European commercial people referred to the place as Trippany or Trevinny or Terbonee. The
place had several famous Sanskrit Tols. Pandit Jagannath Tarka Panchanan, the tutor of Sir
William Jones and a compiler of a digest of Hindu laws, was one of its distinguished
scholars. It is, however, unfortunate that the existing Hindu remains are very few. It
consists of two flights of steps side by side leading into the river bed and a group of
seven small temples, 50 yards from the river of which the central one has a tower about
30' high and 12' square with a lingam inside.
A particular mention has to be made regarding the relies associated with Jafar Khan Gaji
at Triveni. The remains are in the words of Sri Jadu Nath Sarkar "a museum of Muslim
Epigraphy". The relics are also grand specimens of Hindu sculpture as is clear that
many remains of even Hindu temples were utilized . According to tradition Jafar Khan
came to believe in the worship of Mother Ganga and had actually composed some Stotras in
praise of Mother Ganga. Even today Hindus worship the memory of Jafar Khan. The alluvial
soil of Bengal brought here a confluence of the two religious creeds, Hindu and Muslim.
Triveni is now more famous for the melas already referred to.