the beginning, according to tradition, Kashmir valley was a lake,
called 'Sati-saras, named after Parvathi, the consort of Lord
Maheswar. This was the habitat of dreadful demons, the sworn enemies
of amaras and humans. Their existence was a perennial threat to
people living nearby, as they were cannibals and delighted at - the
suffering of living beings. Pitying their misery, Kasyapa, the great
humanist sage destroyed the entire race along with their Jalodbhava.
Later, he converted this .place of Himavan, the father of Parvathi
into a land and named it Kashmir Mandal. In course of time, many
shrines of great spiritual significance were built by kings of
Kashmir both for Siva and Vishnu. As their number increased rapidly,
they covered almost all the space, and many thirthas were discovered
to the extent that there was nut an inch space that is not dedicated
either to Vishnu or Siva. Amarnath, the sacred thirtha kshetra
dedicated to lord Maheswar lops the list and lies at a distance of
about 100 kms to the north-cast of Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir.
And it is made popular by the theist kings of Kashmir by their
humanist ministrations. Kalhan's master-piece Raja Tarangani, the
veritable treasure house of the history of Kashmir kings and their
rule deals with the origin of Amarnath in detail, and throws light
on the yatra to that Himalayan abode of Lord Maheswar.