of the Sabarna Choudhurys in celebrating Hindu religious festivals will be clear from the
following quotation: -
"They (the Savarnas) mention, that it was from the annual holi festival of this very
Sham Rai and his spouse Radha, during which a vast quantity of red powder (kum kum) used
to be sold and scattered in and around their Cutcherry Tank, the temporary bazaars erected
for the occasion that Laldighi, Lalbazar and Radhabazar derive their names.
The old Zamindar of Calcutta further claim, that it was the Hat and
Bazaar round their idols and their pucca zamindari Cutcherry west of the tank, that gave
Calcutta its original importance and gave rise to the names of Hattola, latterly corrupted
into Hatkhola and Burrabazar (Bura being familiar name of Siva) and it were the doles near
Kali's temple that attracted a large population and contributed to the reclamation and
cultivation of marsh and jungle and that their culverts, landing ghat and roads with a
shady avenue of trees on both sides formed the only adornment of Rural Calcutta in its
The Sabarna Roy Choudhurys by their deep religiosity and
liberal charities running through several generations
indirectly gave the shape to Calcutta through the celebrated Kalighat temple. No Hindu
paying his first visit to Calcutta ever misses visiting the Kalighat temple. It is the
Holy Mother at Kalighat that has spread the cult of Shaktaism throughout Northern India.
There is a proverb "Jekhane Ba Sekhane Kalibari" (Wherever there are
Bengalis, Sekhane Kalibari). The sponsors of the Kali inandirs (temp, at Delhi, Simla,
Jaipur and various other places indifferent, parts of India have drawn their inspiration
from the Kalighat temple of the Holy Mother.
6 Brahman Itihash in Bengali by Harilal
Chattopadhyaya. This very old book is available in National Library, Calcutta. Mr. A.
& Roy's Calcutta Census Report.