bigger power will pour in like its hordes and for a time being the Sardars would own
an allegiance to them and pay tribute and when the first impact was over, the
Sardars would assume their old leadership. One of the families that could carve out
a sizeable kingdom was the Malla family of Bishnupur in Birbhum district. This family gave
the name of Mallabhum to the tract.
But the Malla
family inspires of their temporary leadershipcould only acquire portions of this district.
In the political field there were quite a few Raj families in Midnapore district
likeJhargram, Jamboni, Lalgarh, Narajole and Chandra- kona. The traditional story was that
most of them came from their kingdoms in distant Rajputana or some where else on their way
to Sri Kshetra (Puri) to pay homage to Lord Jagannath and incidentally they felt like
staying on seeing the unsettled condition of the area and so carved out a principality of
The Raj family or Jhargram, a subdivision in Midnapore
district is supposed to have carved out their domain somewhere in 1519. Sarveshwar
Malladev of this family struck friendship with the Malla kings of Bishnupur and there were
reciprocal marriage ties. This was the age of Shri
Chaitanya Dev. As mentioned in Chaitanya Charitamrita, Lord Chaitanya, theVaishnava
apostle left Orissa for Varanasi. It is said that the Lord purposely left the welltrodden
road and took to the upapaths (jungle ways). Shri Chaitanya Dev passed through the jungles
of Jharkhand andpreached the cult of Vaishnavism to the villagers. It is quite clear that
the tribals and the other indigenous population had a fair impact of the visit of Shri
4. Paschim Banger Sanskriti by Binoy Ghosh.