[an error occurred while processing this directive]
HinduNet
  
Forums Chat Annouce Calender DigiCards Recommend Remote Invites
[an error occurred while processing this directive]


Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

CONTEMPORARY EVIDENCE

Side by side with these, the supreme position held by women as administrators and rulers of land cannot escape our attention. Here we have instances of three types:

  1. Women who acquired the right to sovereignty by virtue, of their marriage and ruled independently;

  2. Women who got their right to sovereignty by virtue of their birth; and

  3. Women who ruled along with their husbands.

These are obtained from inscription and Tamrasosasanas, or copper-plate grants, which are considered as legal records for granting lands or villages to a grantee, who is generally a learned Brahmin. Unless these are executed by an actual ruler or with his consent such grants of lands or villages are not considered as valid. From these grants we can infer whether they were de facto rulers or not.

To the first category belongs the grant of Tribhuvana Mahadevi, the daughter of Rajamalla, a king of Southern India and wife of Lalitabharadeva of the Kara family of Guhesvarapataka. After the death of her husband the feudatory chiefs approached her with a request to accept the sovereignty and cited the instance of Devi Gosvamini, who belonged to the same family and administered her kingdom under similar circumstances.

In compliance with their request she ascended the lion-throne like Katyayani. After her, her stepson came to the throne and was succeeded by his Queen. The next notable instance is that of Dandi Mahadevi, who obtained her right to rule by birth. She was a virgin and ruled the kingdom on her own authority though she had a brother who succeeded her. She belonged to Kara family. Both these queens were independent sovereigns and issued charters on their sole authority and also bore the title Paramabhattarika Maharajadhi-raja Paramesvari.

Back ] Women In The Sacred Laws ] Up ] Next ]

Women In The Sacred Laws
About Contemporary Evidence
Page1
Page2
Page3
Page4
Page5
Page6
Page7
Page8
Page9
Page10
Page11
Page12
Page13
Page14
Page15
Page16
Page17
Page18
Page19
Page20
Page21
Page22
Page23
Page24
Page25
You are Here! Page26
Page27
Page28
Page29
Page30

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More Information about HinduNet Inc.
Privacy Statement
The Hindu Universe is a HinduNet Inc., website.
Copyrighted 1994-2003, HinduNet Inc.