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Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

CONTEMPORARY EVIDENCE

Vasishtha insists on a life of Brahma charya for six months, whereas Kautilya adds another month to it. Though Kautilya allows remarriage of widows, he gives preference to a life of chastity; and even in the matter of remarriage of widows Kautilya restricts their freedom by ordaining that their father-in-law shall make the selection for them. 

On the death of her husband a woman desirous of leading a pious life shall at once receive not only her endowment and jewellery, but also the balance of Sulka due to her. If, after obtaining these two things, she remarries another, she shall be compelled to pay them back together with interest (on their value).

If she is desirous of a second marriage, she shall be given, on the occasion of her remarriage, what- ever either her father- in- law or her husband or both had given to her’. But ‘...if a widow marries any man other than of her father-in-law’s selection, she shall forfeit whatever has been given to her by her father-in-law and her deceased husband'. 4

In the case of a remarried widow, the people of her new home have to return to her former father-in-law ‘whatever property of her own she had taken with her while remarrying a kinsman.’ After re marriage a woman will lose her right to the property of her deceased husband. But ‘if she lives a pious life, she may enjoy such property.’ This must be a later interpolation.

In cases where a woman who has sons, marries again, the property of her former husband will go to her sons, and she cannot enjoy it herself.

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Women In The Sacred Laws
About Contemporary Evidence
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