Vasishtha places her third in the list of heirs. According to the second
interpretation Putrika is a daughter who has been given in marriage by her father with
the explicit condition that her son shall be his. It has been pointed out in the last
chapter that even some of the later law-givers refer to the view that a Putrika belongs to
her father's family even after her marriage ; for her son has to offer funeral oblations
in the Gotra of her father only.
The reference found in the Rig-Veda is to the same effect.
Sayana charya, while explaining the passage according to the meaning traditionally handed
down, records the same. Yaska, in explaining the passage, states that a Putrika belongs to
her father's family even after her marriage. Prof. Jolly gives, in an interesting passage,
the evidence obtained in support of the prevalence of the custom in Kasmir even in very
The Rajatarangini Mentions cases where the only daughter was installed
as a son, where even her name was changed into that of a boy, signifying the adoption.
'When reading the Rajatarangini, the well - known history of Kasmir, with a Kasmirian, he
was told by the latter, that a certain Brahmana, still living in Srinagar at the time, had
changed the name of his only child, a daughter, into the corresponding masculine form, in
order to obtain through her the same religious advantages, as if she had been a son.
The historical instance of the same practice in the Rajatarangini, by
which the pundit's, narrative of Princess Kalyanadevi of Ganda, whose name was converted by
her royal father into the male form Kalyanamalla, makes it certain that the custom of
substituting by means of a peculiar legal fiction female issue for male, where the
latter was wanting, is of considerable antiquity in some parts of India'.
These references clearly point to a time when the, status of a son was
given to an only daughter, and later that right was transferred to her son, as it became
difficult to get such daughters married. The absolute necessity of getting a son for the
welfare of the next world barred such unions; for by such a marriage the children belonged
to the family of their mother.