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Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

THE COMMENTARIES AND DIGESTS ON HINDU

The influence of Medhatithi on the development of Indian Law is evident in the subsequent commentaries on Manu, viz., those of Dharanidhara, Govindaraja and Kuallukabhatta. Kullaka's references, too, prove that Medhatithi was an older authority than Bhojaraja.

The work of Govindaraja is posterior to that of Bhojaraja and belongs to the vicinity of the 11th century. The Dayabhaga quotes, Govindaraja Manu-Tika, and Narayana commentary has references to his works; hence he was prior to these writers. These books cannot be placed later than the 15th century.2

Narayana is a commentator from Western India, and is known for his Manvarthanibandha or Manvarthavivrti. He differs in many respects from his predecessors. Narayana is later than Govindaraja, as he alludes to the works of the latter in his book. His date has been fixed as earlier than 1497 A.D.3

The Manvartha-Muktavali of Kuallukabhatta is the most renowned commentary on the Laws of Manu. He states in his preface that it was compiled at Benares, and that Bengal was his native country. Raghunandana is the earliest of the Bengal group of commentators to quote Kulluka and Jimutavahana, and is believed to be prior to Raghunandana.

There is, besides a Kasmirian commentary ; Nandini or Nandanacharya's commentary is a valuable work, composed by a South Indian author. Thus a continuous series of commentaries on Manu have been produced from the 8th or 9th century.

Next to Manu, the Smriti that engrossed the attention of the mediaeval lawgivers is the, Yajnavalkya Smriti. The famous commentary on his work is called Riju Mitakshara Tika or Riju Sam Mitakshara or Pramitakshara. '

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