We thus find that an unbroken tradition continued in the south, whereas in
the north, probably owing to the permanent establishment of Muslim rule, the study and
progress of law was discouraged. And at last came to a stand still. After a time, with the
revival of Hindu Law and culture, the books of the South came into prominence.
As they alone carried traditional culture, they were considered
authoritative and were made textbooks in many centres of learning. Prof. Jolly, in a
strikingly interesting passage describes the way in which the books of the Southern
writers were carried to the North and to different parts of India, and gradually,
with lapse of time, gained an authoritative position all over the country.
The difference of the Bengal school from these authors can be accounted
for only by the loss of many law-books which formed a connecting link with, these authors.
The Dayabhaga refers to many such works, which became obsolete in later
The gradual spread of the influence of these authors is thus described:
'King Apararka's commentary, which may have been brought into Kasmir by one of the
ambassadors of Apararka, has remained there down to this day and is almost the only
law-book used by the pandita of that country.
When, in the 14th and 15th centuries, Visvesvara or Kashtha, near
Delhi, under took, by order of his king Madanapala, to set forth the doctrines of Hindu
Law in two learned works, he began it by writing a commentary on the Mitakshara. It is to
the same King Madanapala that a traditional account attributes the merit of having
recovered the lost commentary of Medhatithi.