This commentary on the Yajnavalkya Smriti was composed by the ascetic
Vijnanesvara, of Kalyanapura in the present Hyderabad State, towards the end of the
111h or the beginning of the 12th century. He was a contemporary of King Vikramarka,
Next in importance in the commentary of Mitakshara is that
written by the Silahara King Apararka or Aparaditya.5
He is said to have lived and reigned
in the 12th century A.D., and is referred to in the subsequent digests. The
views of Apararka are in close agreement with those of Vijnanesvara.
The Bengal school of writers agrees on several points with Apararka,
and many instances of such agreement may be traced in Sulapani's commentary on the
Yajnavalkya Smriti, called the Dipakalika. Raghunandana, who is supposed to have
flourished in the 16th century, refers to this book.
We next come to a North Indian writer, Visvesvara. He was
King Madanapala, who reigned at Kashtha, to the north of Delhi, and is reputed for his
Smrti Kaumudi. He refers to himself as the author of another law-book, the
Madanaparijata. King Mladanapala's date is fixed by Colebrook as the 14th century, by Dr.
Burnell as the 15th century, and by Rajkumar Sarvadhikari as the 12th century.
Professor Jolly does not think the last of these dates to be correct,
as ' Visvesvara mentions among his sources the Smriti Chandrika and Hemadri's digest'.6
Both these were composed in South India in the 13th century. Nandapandita is one of the
modern writers who have made use of the writings of Visvesvara.
Tradition describes him as being a Dharmadhikari of Benares.
Raghunandana (16th century) is the earliest writer to mention