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Women In The Sacred Laws
Kulapati's Preface The Author
Foreword Prologue
The Dharma Sutras Contemporary Evidence
The Manu - Samhita The Later Law-Books
Digest On Hindu Law Espirit Des Lois
Major Sections

THE COMMENTARIES AND DIGESTS ON HINDU

Nandapandita, after explaining the first part of the verse, explains Iti thus: - As indicated by the word Iti, property received during the bridal procession, and property obtained by inheritance, purchase, partition, acceptance, finding, as maintenance in the shape of ornaments of gifts, etc., has also to be included. All these species of property together should be known to be Stridhana.' 52

Visvesvara, one of the commentators on the Mitakshara, quotes the text of Yajnavalkya on Stridhana, and says: ' The word Adya refers to property acquired by spinning (Kartana), purchase, partition, seizure, finding a treasure, and other modes of acquisition.' Here the use of the word Kartana instead of Rikta is probably indicative of the difference of opinion.

The greatest support to Vijnanesvara's theory comes from the commentary of Apararka. The reading of Apararka agrees with that of Yajnavalkya. His reading contains "chaiva", as in Yajnavalkya, the meaning of which was a bone of contention among the commentators; for Jimutavahana restricts the scope of Stridhana, by an interpretation of this word. Apararka elucidates chaiva thus: -

'The particle Cha has the same meaning as Adi, etc. Therefore it can cover the other species of Stridhana mentioned in the following text:

" The wives shall obtain an equal share; 53 the mother also shall receive an equal share,54 the fourth part of their own share;55 let the daughters divide the nuptial present of their mother.56 This and whatever else may become the property of a woman is denominated as woman's property by Manu and other ancient sages" '. 57

We thus find Apararka coming to the same conclusion, though he bases his reasoning on a different text. The Mayukha divides Stridhana into two distinct classes: the Saudayika and the property other than Saudayika. The former is under the full control of the wife; but the immovable property is subject to her husband's control in his life-time. The Mayukha restricts her power over the property termed Adhivedanikadyam.

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Women In The Sacred Laws
About The Commentaries And Digests On Hindu
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