While Christianity looks
down upon pagan religions, we should note that Christian theology
and philosophy relies heavily on Plato, Aristotle and Plotinus, who
were pagan philosophers. The philosophy, medicine and science of
both Christianity and Islam has a pagan Greek basis from which came
modern science and most of modern European intellectual culture, art
Science and its empiricism
developed from a pagan basis, reflecting the concern of indigenous
traditions with understanding of the world of Nature. Hence it may
not be surprising that the keys to a spiritual science can be found
within these same pagan traditions. In this regard the resurrection
of Greek and other pre-Christian religions of Europe is an important
part of the spiritual awakening today.
Christian and Islamic
mysticism has also maintained connections with the pagan mystical
traditions of the Hindus, Egyptians, Greeks and Persians. Pagan
cultures thus are not simply primitive but capable of great
spiritual, philosophical, and scientific sophistication.
On the other hand, the
non-pagan beliefs have been noted, particularly in the Middle Ages,
for oppression of art, science, and mysticism, destruction of
libraries and colleges and an anti-learning attitude which has not
aided in the unfoldment of true knowledge for humanity.