It came to fore only in the eleventh century and rather confined
itself to Kashmir alone. It resembles the Saiva siddhanta philosophy
of Tamil Nadu, but did not exert as much grip as that of Saiva
Siddhanta. It was expounded by Abhinavagupta. Next comes
has a fascinating beginning. According to legend, when Siva was
found roaming about like a half naked fakir, in the country of
Anartha, in forlorn state after the death of Sati the hermits
dwelling there found it indecent and unbearable, and so cursed Him.
At once the Linga that was given to them by Siva Himself went to
Patala. At the devout prayers to Brahma, they were given Hatakalinga
for regular worship and it was called Hatakeswaralinga. One pious
bhakta by name Chitra Sarma drawn irresistibly to this Linga offered
prayers with unparalleled fervor. His prayer services were
praise-worthy and they attracted huge following. Pleased with
austere life and erudite scholarship, Siva approved
his plea for introducing Saivaaradhana according to his way. This
bhakti cult gathered momentum and spread that entire region of
Vadnagar also called Chamatkarpur then. And with the patronage of
rich philanthropists, Chitra Sarma built 68 temples for Siva and
the founder of Hatakeswaropasana. And his cult had its own
philosophy and earned great following.
examine the Virasaiva school, which originated in the state of
Karnataka and is enjoying even now large following.