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THE UNITY OF THE VEDIC AND
Both Shiva and
Indra represent the cosmic masculine force. Shiva's vehicle is a bull. Indra in the Vedas
is frequently called a bull (vrisha, vrishabha). Shiva's bull is also identified with the
rain cloud. Indra as the bull is lauded in the Vedas as the bringer of rain. The bull is
also a symbol of the cosmic masculine force. OM, which is identified with both Indra and
Shiva, is identified with a bull.
Shiva is identified with the Vedic deity Rudra, and most of the sacred chants to Shiva,
like the Rudram from the Yajur Veda, are Vedic chants to Rudra. Vedic Rudra is identified
in the Vedas with Indra.
Both Indra and Rudra
are deities of the middle region or the atmosphere (Antariksha). Indra is the wielder of
the thunderbolt, so is Rudra. The Vedic sons of Rudra are called the Maruts. The Marutsre
the companions of Indra, who is their leader.