nothing to suggest that Dravidians have been exclusively Shaivities or that Shaivism in
South India was opposed to other Hindu teachings, or is fundamentally different from them.
On the contrary, South Indian Shaivism appears as an integral part of the greater Shaivite
and Hindu traditions of all India and beyond.
Relative to the second point, the worship of Shiva has been popular throughout India and
wherever Indian culture and spiritual traditions have traveled, like Indonesia and
In fact, the most famous sites of
Shiva worship are, as is commonly known, in North India. These include Kashmir in the far
north-west, Kailas in what is now Tibet, Gangotri and Kedarnath in the central Himalayan
region, and Kashi or Varanasi (Benares) on the Ganges.